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教师工作动机与职业满意度:基于缅甸仰光小学教师的个案思考

日期:2022年04月20日 编辑:ad201107111759308692 作者:无忧论文网 点击次数:220
论文价格:300元/篇 论文编号:lw202112031143158679 论文字数:75655 所属栏目:教育管理论文
论文地区:中国 论文语种:English 论文用途:硕士毕业论文 Master Thesis
相关标签:教育管理论文

本文是一篇教育管理论文,本研究框架(Herzberg,1968年)Herzberg的激励理论及其假设,员工的满意度由两类因素决定:与工作满意度相关的内在因素,如成就和认可,以及可能导致不满的外在因素,如工资和人际关系。访谈数据证实,成就、认可、晋升和工作本身等内在动机因素对小学教师的工作满意度有显著影响。


CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION


1.1 Overview

Teacher’s work motivation and job satisfaction have become critical topics in the  field  of  educational  research.  Work  motivation  is  a  group  of  energetic  powers from both within and beyond the active community worker (Pinder, 2008).  The work motivation  of  teachers  affects  their  job  satisfaction  in  many  ways.  Teacher’s motivation  can  start  both  the  teachers  by  themselves  and  the  environment  and community  where  he  is  working.  It  happens  the  feeling  of  fulfillment  or  not  by affecting many from the job. The teachers who are motivated to work with efficiently and diligently in teaching in compared with those are not motivated can have positive feeling  and  accomplishment  of  his/her  desire  (Sargent  &  Hannum,  2005).  In Myanmar,  the  teachers  are  divided  into  three  categories;  primary  school  teachers, middle school teachers, and high school teachers. Primary school teachers’ chances and  opportunities,  wages,  and  job  advancement  are  slower  than  other  categories. Although  they  have  a  passion  and  love  their  teaching  profession,  they  have  a moderate level of job satisfaction because of some hindrances such as the clarity of procedures, rules, and regulations of the organization, the opportunities for promotion, and the chances of the policy (Hkawn San Mai, 2016).  Most of the teachers keep working in the teaching workforce until the age of retirement in Myanmar. Therefore, it is necessarily important to know what are motivated the teachers to work and how are  they  affect  the  job  satisfaction  of  primary  school  teachers  in  Myanmar.  The purpose of the study is to find out the factors affecting Myanmar’s primary school teachers’  work  motivation  and  how  their  work  motivation  affected  their  job satisfaction in Yangon, Myanmar. 


1.2 Background of the Problem

The Latin word “Movere” meaning to move, is the origin of work motivation (Luthans, 1999). It's a mechanism that begins with a physiological or psychological deficit or need and continues with action-driven toward an aim or reward. It is also a driving  force  behind  the  people  to  do.  Thus,  it  is  the  individual  internal  and psychological  process  that  energizes,  directs,  and  sustains  behavior  towards  an individual's goals. It can be described as a desire to put forward a considerable ability to achieve organizational goals centered on the need to meet the demands of specific individuals (Nzuve, 1999). In general, dualistic theories grouped motivation can be grouped into extrinsic and intrinsic motivation (Resiss, 2012). Extrinsic motivation is related to the advantages of someone motivated by external forces without internal drive  and  individuals’  motivational  stimuli  from  outside,  which  controlled  an individual’s ability to perform a task. The organization awards external incentives to a person  to  cheer  and  motivate  workers  to  perform  tasks.  Intrinsic  motivation  arises when  people  e